mx.example.comand IP address
172.16.244.254for our Jail server.
IMPORTANT WARNING: iRedMail is designed to be deployed on a FRESH server system, which means your server does NOT have mail related components installed, e.g. MySQL, OpenLDAP, Postfix, Dovecot, Amavisd, etc. iRedMail will install and configure them for you automatically. Otherwise it may override your existing files/configurations althought it will backup files before modifying, and it may not be working as expected.
# cd /usr/ports/sysutils/ezjail/ # make install clean
# Start ezjail while system start up ezjail_enable="YES" # Enable sysvipc. Required by PostgreSQL. jail_sysvipc_allow="YES"
/etc/sysctl.conf, this is required if you're going to install iRedMail with PostgreSQL backend.
# ezjail-admin install -p
Create a new jail
172.16.244.254to network interface
# ezjail-admin create -r /jails/mx.example.com mx.example.com 'em0|172.16.244.254'
# service ezjail restart
# ezjail-admin list STA JID IP Hostname Root Directory --- ---- ---------------- --------------------------------- ------------------------ DS 1 172.16.244.254 mx.example.com /jails/mx.example.com
We can now enter this Jail with below command:
# ezjail-admin console mx.example.com
/etc/resolv.confwith valid DNS server address(es). For example:
# File: /etc/resolv.conf nameserver 172.16.244.2
bash-static, it's required by iRedMail.
# -- For FreeBSD 10 or later releases -- # pkg install bash-static # -- For FreeBSD 9 or earlier releases -- # pkg_add -r bash-static
It's now ready to start iRedMail installer inside Jail, it will ask you several simple questions, that's all required to setup a full-featured mail server.
# bash # <- start bash shell, REQUIRED # cd /root/iRedMail/ # LOCAL_ADDRESS='172.16.244.254' bash iRedMail.sh
Note to Chinese users
Our domain name
iredmail.org has been blocked in mainland China for
years (since Jun 04, 2011), please run command below to finish the
IREDMAIL_MIRROR='https://dl.iredmail.org' bash iRedMail.sh
There's no big difference between available backends, so it's strongly recommended to choose the one you're familiar with for easier management and maintenance after installation.
To MySQL/MariaDB/PostgreSQL users
If you choose to store mail accounts in MySQL/MariaDB/PostgreSQL, iRedMail
installer will generate a random, strong password for you. You can find it
Note: This account is an admin account and a mail user. That means you can login to webmail and admin panel (iRedAdmin) with this account, login username is full email address.
After answered above questions, iRedMail installer will ask you to review and
confirm to start installation. It will install and configure required packages
Y and press
Enter to start.
The weakest part of a mail server is user's weak password. Spammers don't want to hack your server, they just want to send spam from your server. Please ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS force users to use a strong password.
/root/iRedMail-x.y.z/iRedMail.tips first, it contains:
After installation successfully completed, you can access web-based programs
if you choose to install them. Replace
your_server below by your real server
hostname or IP address.
?config=smtpfor SMTP traffic log)
Please post all issues, feedbacks, feature requests, suggestions in our online support forum, it's more responsible than you expected.
/etc/sysctl.confto allow to use
pingcommand inside Jail:
/usr/ports/distfiles/ with Jail, please append below line in
Jail will set ports tree directory to
/jails/mx.example.com/etc/make.confby default, you can either use this default setting or change it to
# Part of file: /etc/fstab.mx_example.com /usr/ports/distfiles /jails/mx.example.com/basejail/var/ports/distfiles nullfs rw 0 0
# mkdir /usr/jails/basejail/var/ports/distfiles